During the 1st NCRI AML academy meeting, the AML Global Portal was pleased to film the headline debate on recently licensed drugs versus recent advances in transplantation. The motion for this debate was 'Advances in diagnostics and new therapies reduce the need for allogeneic transplant in AML'. The chair for this session was Dr Steve Knapper, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, UK. Those proponents for the motion were Dr Mike Dennis, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK and Dr David Taussig, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. The opposition included; Dr Rachel Protheroe, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, UK and Dr Amit Patel, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK. The argument for centres around the lack of survival advantage particularly in high-risk groups, whereas the argument against focuses on how new therapeutic advances could be combined with transplant to improve patient outcomes.